The 2018 Eye Banking Statistical Report includes data from all 57 U.S. and 11 international member eye bank reporting entities for the calendar year 2018 and represents a complete picture of eye banking activity among eye banks.
U.S. eye banks reported 133,576 total tissue recoveries from 68,102 donors in 2018. Although these numbers decreased slightly from 2017, the transplant rate increased from 68.3% in 2017 to 69.4% in 2018, which indicates better efficiencies by U.S. eye banks. For the fifth year in a row, more cornea donors (58.2%) were listed on a donor registry than not.
This year’s report includes the popular annual comparison of the domestic use of U.S. supplied intermediate-term preserved tissue and the analysis of the types of keratoplasty performed for a specific diagnosis. Data was separated by location of use (domestic vs. international) and keratoplasty type (PK, EK, or ALK), which allows for side-by-side comparison of domestic vs. international indications for keratoplasty. The large number of “unknown” surgical indications in international transplants compromised the validity of the conclusions drawn in previous years when domestic and international data were combined. The data on the distribution of 82,838 transplant corneas is reported by country and continent by EBAA U.S. and international members.
The total number of U.S. supplied tissue distributed for keratoplasty (including long-term preserved tissue) was 85,441, a 1.4% increase from 84,297 in the previous year. 51,294 intermediate-term preserved corneas were transplanted in the U.S. and 27,913 were exported internationally in 2018.
The number of penetrating keratoplasty (PK) grafts in the U.S. was 17,347 (a decrease of 5.4%), while endothelial keratoplasty (EK) numbers increased 4.6% to 30,336, largely due to the 41.2% increase in DMEK procedures.
Since its inception 58 years ago, EBAA has provided statistics as a compilation of valuable data from member eye banks. Since 1961, member eye banks have provided tissue for over 1,954,600 people whose sight was restored through corneal transplants.
EBAA members utilize EBAA Connect, our web-based reporting tool for real-time data reporting and analysis. EBAA Connect includes graphical analysis of data, a table feature, and allows eye banks to benchmark against the average performance of all eye banks over any time span – from a single month to multiple years.
The Eye Banking Statistical Report would not be possible without the active participation and support of EBAA members and the dedication of the EBAA Statistical Report Committee. The Statistical Report is a valuable and useful resource for eye banks to review their operational efficacy and to drive performance improvement efforts.